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In some classes, writing the research paper is only part of what is required in regards to presenting your work.
Your professor may also require you to also give an oral presentation about your study. Here are some things to think about before you are scheduled to give a presentation. What should I say? If your professor hasn't explicitly stated what the content of your presentation should focus on, think about what you want to achieve and what you consider to be the most important things that members of the audience should know about your study. Think about the following: Do I want to inform my audience, inspire them to think about my research, or convince them of a particular point of view?
These questions will help frame how to approach your presentation topic. Oral communication is different from written communication. Your audience has just one chance Seeking benefical Enfield hear your talk; they can't "re-read" your words if they get confused. Focus on being clear, particularly if the audience can't ask questions during the talk.
There are two well-known ways to communicate your points effectively. The first is the K. Focus your presentation on getting two to three key points across.
The second approach is to repeat key insights: tell them what you're going to tell them [forecast], tell them Seeking benefical Enfield, and then tell them what you just told them [summarize]. Think about your audience. Yes, you want to demonstrate to your professor that you have conducted a good study.
But professors often ask students to give an oral presentation to practice the art of communicating and to learn to speak clearly and audibly about yourself and your research. Questions to think about include: What background knowledge do they have about my topic? Does the audience have any particular interests? How am I going to involve them in my presentation? Create effective notes. If you don't have notes to refer to as you speak, you run the risk of forgetting something important. Also, having no notes increases the chance you'll lose your train of thought and begin relying on reading from the presentation slides.
Think about the best ways to create notes that can be easily referred to as you speak. This is important! Nothing is more distracting to an audience than the speaker fumbling around with notes as they try to speak. It gives the impression of being disorganized and unprepared. NOTE : A good strategy is to have a of notes for each slide so that the act of referring to a new helps remind you to move to the next slide.
This also creates a natural pause that allows your audience to contemplate what you just presented. Strategies for creating effective notes for yourself include the following:. Creating and Using Overhe. Writing CSU. Colorado State University; Kelly, Christine. Mastering the Art of Presenting. Academic Skills Centre.
University of Canberra; Lucas, Stephen. The Art of Public Speaking. Seeking benefical Enfield for Oral Presentations. Oral Presentations. The Lab Report. University College Writing Centre. University of Toronto; Speeches. The Writing Center. University of North Carolina; Storz, Carl et al. Oral Presentation Skills. Begin by thinking about what you want to achieve and how are you going to involve your audience in the presentation.
Introduction [may be written last]. The Body. The Conclusion. NOTE : When asking your audience if anyone has any questions, give people time to contemplate what you have said and to formulate a question. It may seem like an awkward pause to wait ten seconds or so for someone to raise their hand, but it's frustrating to have a question come to mind but be cutoff because the presenter rushed to end the talk.
Nothing is more frustrating to an audience member than wanting to jot something down, but the presenter closes the slides immediately after finishing.
When delivering your presentation, keep in mind the following points to help you remain focused and ensure that everything goes as planned. Pay attention to language! Use your voice to communicate clearly. Use your body language to communicate too! Interact with the audience. Colorado State University; Enfield, N. Your introduction should begin with something that grabs the attention of your audience, such as, an interesting statistic, a brief narrative or story, or a bold assertion, and then clearly tell the audience in a well-crafted sentence what you plan to accomplish in your presentation.
Your introductory statement should be constructed so as to invite the audience to pay close attention to your message and to give the audience a clear sense of the direction in which you are about to take them. Lucas, Stephen. A presentation is not the same as an essay. If you read your presentation as if it were an essay, your audience will probably understand very little about what you say and will lose concentration quickly. Use notes, cue cards, or overhe as prompts that emphasis key points, and speak to your audience.
Include everyone by looking at them and maintaining regular eye-contact [but don't stare or glare at people]. Limit reading text to quotes or to specific points you want to emphasize. Search this Guide Search. Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper Offers detailed guidance on how to develop, organize, and write a college-level research paper in the social and behavioral sciences.
The Abstract Executive Summary 4. The Introduction The C. The Discussion Limitations of the Study 9. The Conclusion Appendices Preparing for Your Oral Presentation In some classes, writing the research paper is only part of what is required in regards to presenting your work. Oral communication is different from written communication Your audience has just one chance to hear your talk; they can't "re-read" your words if they get confused. Think about your audience Yes, you want to demonstrate Seeking benefical Enfield your professor that you have conducted a good study. Create effective notes If you don't have notes to refer to as you speak, you run the risk of forgetting something important.
Strategies for creating effective notes for yourself include the following: Choose a large, readable font [at least 18 point in Ariel ]; avoid using fancy text fonts or cursive text. Use bold text, underlining, or different-colored text to highlight elements of your speech that you want to emphasize. Don't over do it, though. Only highlight the most important elements of your presentation. Leave adequate space Seeking benefical Enfield your notes to jot down additional thoughts or observations before and during your presentation.
This is also helpful when writing down your thoughts in response to a question or to remember a multi-part question [remember to have a pen with you when you give your presentation]. Place a cue in the text of your notes to indicate when to move to the next slide, to click on a link, or to take some other action, such as, linking to a video.
If appropriate, include a cue in your notes if there is a point during your presentation when you want the audience to refer to a handout. Spell out challenging words phonetically and practice saying them ahead of time. Organizing the Content Begin by thinking about what you want to achieve and how are you going to involve your audience in the presentation.
Brainstorm your topic and write a rough outline. Organize your material and draft what you want to say [see below]. Prepare your visual aids. Rehearse your presentation and practice getting the presentation completed within the time limit given by your professor. Ask a friend to listen and time you. Begin with a question, an amusing story, a provocative statement, or anything that will engage your audience and make them think. State your purpose. The Body Present your main points one by one in a logical order. Pause at the end of each point. Give people time to take notes, or time to think about what you are saying.
Make it clear when you move to another point. If appropriate, consider using visual aids to make your presentation more interesting [e. The Conclusion Leave your audience with a clear summary of everything that you have covered.
Summarize the main points again. For example, use phrases like: "So, in conclusion Make it obvious that you have reached the end of the presentation. Thank the audience, and invite questions : "Thank you. Are there any questions? Delivering Your Presentation When delivering your presentation, keep in mind the following points to help you remain focused and ensure that everything goes as planned.
Keep it simple. The aim is to communicate, not to show off your vocabulary. Using complex words or phrases increases the chance of stumbling over a word and losing your train of thought. Emphasize the key points. Make sure people realize which are the key points of your study. Repeat them using different phrasing to help the audience remember them. Check the pronunciation of difficult, unusual, or foreign words beforehand.Seeking benefical Enfield
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